Driven by the prospective applications of thermoelectric materials, massive efforts have been dedicated to enhancing the conversion efficiency. The latter is governed by the figure of merit (ZT), which is proportional to the power factor (S2σ) and inversely proportional to the thermal conductivity (κ). Here, we demonstrate the synthesis of high-quality ternary Bi2Te3-xSex nanoplates using a microwave-assisted surfactant-free solvothermal method. The obtained n-type Bi2Te2.7Se0.3 nanostructures exhibit a high ZT of 1.23 at 480 K measured from the corresponding sintered pellets, in which a remarkably low κ and a shift of peak S2σ to high temperature are observed. By detailed electron microscopy investigations, coupled with theoretical analysis on phonon transports, we propose that the achieved κ reduction is attributed to the strong wide-frequency phonon scatterings. The shifting of peak S2σ to high temperature is due to the weakened temperature dependent transport properties governed by the synergistic carrier scatterings and the suppressed bipolar effects by enlarging the band gap.
- synergistic carrier scatterings
- wide-frequency phonon scatterings
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)