Nanostructure stability and nano-phase separation sintering in the titanium–magnesium system

Kathrin Graetz, Jonathan S. Paras, Christopher A. Schuh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Nanocrystalline metals have certain property advantages over their microcrystalline counterparts due to their high grain boundary content, but they are difficult to process in bulk forms without suffering detrimental grain growth. This study evaluates candidates for thermodynamic stabilization of a nanocrystalline state in Ti alloys through the formation of a “nanoduplex” structure, and identifies the Ti–Mg system as worthy of exploration. The structural stability and sintering behavior of nanocrystalline Ti–Mg powders produced by mechanical milling are investigated. Structural stability of the nanocrystalline state is retained to high temperatures for hours. A grain growth kinetic scaling law similar to microcrystalline duplex alloys was found. Furthermore, accelerated sintering of cold pressed samples was achieved through nanophase separation, leading to relative densities of more than 95% at processing temperatures below 600 °C, even while retaining an ultrafine grain size.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-98
Number of pages10
StatePublished - Sep 2018


  • Accelerated nanophase separation sintering
  • Nanoduplex structure
  • Thermodynamic stabilization
  • Ti–Mg alloys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Nanostructure stability and nano-phase separation sintering in the titanium–magnesium system'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this