National Early Career Transplant Hepatologist Survey: Compensation, Burnout, and Job Satisfaction

Michael Kriss*, Helen S. Te, Elizabeth C. Verna, Lisa B. VanWagner, Frank I. Scott, Jennifer C. Lai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Despite the growth of transplant hepatology as a subspecialty over the past decade, data on professional roles and compensation models remain lacking. Furthermore, the prevalence of physician burnout and job satisfaction are unknown in this profession. We aimed to conduct a comprehensive assessment of early career transplant hepatologists to fill these voids in knowledge and to inform current and future transplant hepatologists. An online survey designed to quantify clinical and nonclinical roles, compensation and structure, job satisfaction, and burnout was sent to 256 early career transplant hepatologists. Respondents were divided into three practice settings: university hospital clinical (n = 79), non–university hospital clinical (n = 35), and research (n = 25). The median age of respondents was 38 (interquartile range [IQR] 36-40) years, and 44% were women. The median half-days/week spent in clinic was 4 (IQR 3-6) and in endoscopy was 1 (IQR 1-2). Most of the respondents provided inpatient care (88%) for a median of 9 (IQR 6.5-10) weeks/year. The median base compensation was $300,000 (IQR US $263,750-$326,250), and most (76%) had salary-based compensation. Although only 8% of respondents were dissatisfied with their position, the prevalence of burnout was high at 35%. Conclusion: This survey is a comprehensive assessment focusing on early career transplant hepatologists, is reflective of the current training paradigm and practice of transplant hepatology, and provides transparency to guide professional negotiations and empower both trainees pursuing careers in transplant hepatology and early career transplant hepatologists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)701-712
Number of pages12
JournalHepatology Communications
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology


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