Natural history of 10-meter walk/run test performance in spinal muscular atrophy: A longitudinal analysis

Kristin J. Krosschell*, Elise L. Townsend, Michael Kiefer, Sarah D. Simeone, Katelyn Zumpf, Leah Welty, Kathryn J. Swoboda

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


As trials and treatments for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) rapidly evolve, understanding the natural history and potential utility of the 10-meter walk/run test (10MWRT) in ambulant individuals is critical. Study aims were to: 1) establish change over time and across age for 10MWRT time in an untreated natural history cohort of young, ambulatory participants with SMA and 2) identify relations between 10MWRT time and age, SMA type, SMN2 copy number and anthropometrics. Untreated individuals (n = 56) age 2 to 21 years who were enrolled in a long-term natural history study between 2005 and 2014 and met inclusion criteria were included. Linear mixed effects models were used to assess changes in 10MWRT time with age and associations with SMA type, SMN2 copy number, and body mass. SMA type 3b (versus 3a), SMN2 copy number 4 (versus 3) and lower body mass were associated with faster 10MWRT. 10MWRT performance improved between 3 and 8 years of age, was stable between 9 and 10, and gradually declined from 11 to 18. Findings provide the first longitudinal natural history report of 10MWRT time in young individuals with SMA and offer a critical foundation for interpreting childhood change in short distance walking speed with pharmacologic treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-134
Number of pages10
JournalNeuromuscular Disorders
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2022


  • 10-meter walk/run test
  • 10MWRT
  • Natural history
  • Outcome measures
  • Spinal muscular atrophy
  • Timed function tests

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Genetics(clinical)


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