Natural killing activity in sjögren's syndrome

N. Miyasaka, W. Seaman, A. Bakshi, B. Sauvezie, V. Strand, R. Pope, N. Talal*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Natural killing (NK) by peripheral blood mono‐nuclear cells (PBMC) against K562 cells was examined in 27 patients with Sjögren's syndrome and 17 normal controls. NK activity in the patients was significantly reduced compared with normal controls (34.6 ± 3.4% versus 52.2 ± 3.4%, P < 0.001). Patients with secondary Sjögren's had lower cytotoxicity compared with those who had primary Sjögren's (28.5 ± 5.5% versus 37.3 ± 4.2%, P < 0.01). The proportion of PBMC with characteristics of NK cells was not decreased in the patients. NK by normal PBMC was diminished both in the presence of sera from patients with reduced NK and when the effector cells were pretreated with the sera. Pretreatment of target K562 cells did not alter NK activity. Suppression of NK by sera from patients did not correlate with levels of immune complexes or with antilymphocyte antibodies. Some patients had adherent cells which inhibited NK function. Addition of either indomethacin or catalase partially restored NK activity in such patients, indicating that both prostaglandins and hydrogen peroxide play a role in suppression. These data suggest that multiple mechanisms are involved in the defective NK activity seen in patients with Sjögren's syndrome. The reduction of NK activity in Sjögren's syndrome may contribute to the increased incidence of lymphoid malignancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)954-960
Number of pages7
JournalArthritis & Rheumatism
Volume26
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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