In this review, we describe the near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) technology and its clinical use in high-risk neonates in critical care settings. We searched databases (e.g., PubMed, Google Scholar, EBSCOhost) to find studies describing the use of NIRS on critically ill and high-risk neonates. Near-infrared spectroscopy provides continuous noninvasive monitoring of venous oxygen saturation. It uses technology similar to pulse oximetry to measure the oxygen saturation of hemoglobin in a tissue bed to describe the relative delivery and extraction of oxygen. Near-infrared spectroscopy can be a valuable bedside tool to provide clinicians indirect evidence of perfusion. It may prompt early interventions that promote oxygen delivery, which can improve high-risk neonatal outcomes.
- critically ill
- near-infrared spectroscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Critical Care
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine