Near tubule and intertubular bovine dentin mapped at the 250 nm level

S. R. Stock*, A. Veis, A. Telser, Z. Cai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


In this study, simultaneous diffraction and fluorescence mapping with a (250nm) 2, 10.1keV synchrotron X-ray beam investigated the spatial distribution of carbonated apatite (cAp) mineral and elemental Ca (and other cations including Zn) around dentin tubules. In 1μm thick sections of near-pulp root dentin, where peritubular dentin (PTD) is newly forming, high concentrations of Zn, relative to those in intertubular dentin (ITD), were observed adjacent to and surrounding the tubule lumens. Some but not all tubules exhibited hypercalcified collars (high Ca signal relative to the surrounding ITD), and, when present, the zone of high Ca did not extend around the tubule. Diffraction rings from cAp 00.2 and 11.2+21.1+30.0 reflections were observed, and cAp was the only crystal phase detected. Profiles of Ca, Zn and cAp diffracted intensities showed the same transitions from solid to tubule lumen, indicating the same cAp content and organization in ITD far from the tubules and adjacent to them. Further, the matching Ca and diffraction profiles demonstrated that all of the Ca is in cAp or that any noncrystalline Ca was uniformly distributed throughout the dentin. Variation of 00.2 and 11.2+21.1+30.0 diffracted intensity was consistent with the expected biaxial crystallographic texture. Extension of X-ray mapping from near 1μm resolution to the 250nm level, performed here for dentin and its tubules, will provide new understanding of other mineralized tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-211
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Structural Biology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Nov 2011


  • Bovine
  • Dentin
  • Intertubular dentin
  • Peritubular dentin
  • Synchrotron
  • X-ray diffraction
  • X-ray fluorescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology


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