Neighborhood context and the development of aggression in boys and girls

Beth Vanfossen*, C. Hendricks Brown, Sheppard Kellam, Natalie Sokoloff, Susan Doering

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examine the roles of neighborhood characteristics in the development of the aggressive behavior of 1,409 urban boys and girls between the first and seventh grades. The multilevel, longitudinal growth analyses find strong neighborhood effects in all models, while controlling for individual-level variables. Results indicated that the effects of neigh-borhood violence, employment, income, and percentages of single males and female-headed households do not manifest in first grade, but affect the trajectory of child aggression between first and seventh grades. The influence of family income and frequent physical discipline on boys' and girls' aggression occurs at first grade, and family income has a modest effect on the trajectory. The findings strongly suggest that the neighborhood sources of the development of child aggression are independent and different from early childhood experiences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-349
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Community Psychology
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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