Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status and Readmission in Acute Type A Aortic Dissection Repair

Tom Liu, Paul J. Devlin, Beth Whippo, Patricia Vassallo, Andrew Hoel, Duc Thinh Pham, Douglas R. Johnston, Sukit Chris Malaisrie, Christopher K. Mehta*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: We examined the association of socioeconomic status as defined by median household income quartile (MHIQ) with mortality and readmission patterns following open repair of acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) in a nationally representative registry. Methods: Adults who underwent open repair of ATAAD were selected using the US Nationwide Readmissions Database and stratified by MHIQ. Patients were selected based on diagnostic and procedural codes. The primary endpoint was 30-d readmission. Results: Between 2016 and 2019, 10,288 individuals (65% male) underwent open repair for ATAAD. Individuals in the lowest income quartile were younger (median: 60 versus 64, P < 0.05) but had greater Elixhauser comorbidity burden (5.9 versus 5.7, P < 0.05). Across all groups, in-hospital mortality was approximately 15% (P = 0.35). On multivariable analysis adjusting for baseline comorbidity burden, low socioeconomic status was associated with increased readmission at 90 d, but not at 30 d. Concomitant renal disease (odds ratio [OR], 1.68; P < 0.001), pulmonary disease (OR, 1.26; P < 0.001), liver failure (OR 1.2, P = 0.04), and heart failure (OR, 1.17; P < 0.001) were all associated with readmission at 90 d. The primary indication for readmission was most commonly cardiac (33%), infectious (16.5%), and respiratory (9%). Conclusions: In patients who undergo surgery for ATAAD, lower MHIQ was associated with higher odds of readmission following open repair. While early readmission for individuals living in the lowest income communities is likely attributable to greater baseline comorbidity burden, we observed that 90-d readmission rates are associated with lower MHIQ regardless of comorbidity burden. Further investigation is required to determine which patient-level and system-level interventions are needed to reduce readmissions in the immediate postoperative period for resource poor areas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)772-780
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
StatePublished - Apr 2024


  • Acute aortic dissection
  • Health-care disparities
  • Nationwide readmissions database
  • Outcomes research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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