Purpose: To determine the preliminary acute toxicity and survival results of neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemotherapy plus high- dose radiation therapy in patients with local/regional squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. Materials and Methods: Forty-five patients with clinical stage T1-4N0-1M0 squamous cell carcinoma were entered onto the trial. Eight patients were declared ineligible after registration. Patients received three monthly cycles of fluorouracil (5-FU; 1,000 mg/m2/24hr for 5 days) and cisplatin (100 mg/m2 on day 1) (neoadjuvant segment) followed by two additional monthly cycles of 5-FU (1,000 mg/m2/24hr for 5 days) and cisplatin (75 mg/m2 on day 1) plus concurrent 64.8 Gy (combined modality segment). Results: With a median follow-up of 15 months in surviving patients, the incidence of total grade 3+ toxicity during the neoadjuvant chemotherapy segment was 61%, and during the combined modality segment was 72%. Of the 33 patients who started radiation therapy, 91% were able to complete the full course. There were six deaths during treatment, five of which (11%), because of nadir sepsis and/or dehydration, were treatment- related. For the 37 eligible patients, the median disease-free survival duration was 9 months, and the overall median survival was 20 months. Conclusion: The preliminary analysis of this trial demonstrated that the incidence of grade 3+ toxicity was similar to that reported in the combined modality arm of the prior Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) intergroup esophageal trial RTOG 85-01. However, because of the increased incidence of treatment-related mortality, this treatment program will not be used as an experimental arm of intergroup trial INT 0123 (RTOG 94-05).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research