Neointima formation on vascular elastic laminae and collagen matrices scaffolds implanted in the rat aortae

Shu Q. Liu*, Christopher Tieche, Paul K. Alkema

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Synthetic polymers, including polytetrafluoroethylene and Dacron, and biomatrix proteins, including collagen and fibrin, have been used for the construction of vascular substitutes. However, these materials induce inflammatory reactions, contributing to thrombosis, smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation, and neointima formation, processes leading to the failure of vascular substitutes. Thus, a pressing issue in vascular reconstruction is to construct vascular substitutes with surface materials that are inflammation-ressistant. Here, we demonstrate that the vascular elastic laminae exhibit such a property. Aortic specimens from donor rats were treated with 0. 1M NaOH for various times, resulting in elastic lamina-collagen matrix scaffolds with and without the basal lamina. Matrix scaffolds were implanted into the host aorta with three different surface materials, including the elastic lamina, basal lamina, and adventitial collagen, and observed for leukocyte adhesion, endothelial migration, cell proliferation, and neointimal formation on these surfaces. It was found that the elastic lamina was associated with significantly lower leukocyte adhesion, BrdU incorporation, and neointima formation than the basal lamina and adventitial collagen, while the migration of endothelial cells was comparable on all three surfaces. The adventitial collagen matrix was associated with leukocyte infiltration from blood and subsequent SMC migration from the host aorta, whereas the elastic laminae were resistant to such processes. The morphology of the implanted elastic laminae appeared normal at all times. These observations suggest that the vascular elastic laminae exhibit inflammation-resistant properties and inhibit SMC mitogenic activities compared with collagen-containing matrices and may be considered a potential surface material for vascular reconstruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1869-1882
Number of pages14
JournalBiomaterials
Volume25
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2004

Keywords

  • Cell proliferation
  • Endothelial cell migration
  • Intimal hyperplasia
  • Leukocyte adhesion
  • Vascular engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanics of Materials

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