Rats treated on Day 5 of life with testosterone propionate (TP) were tested for their ovulatory response to pregnant mare's serum gonadotropin (PMSG) on the 30th day of life with and without cardiac puncture under ketamine/xylazine anesthesia. TP without cardiac puncture in doses of 0.625, 1.25, or 2.5 μg did not inhibit ovulation, but 5.0 μg of TP inhibited ovulation in 15 of 16 rats. When cardiac puncture was performed at 1900 hr in rats not given TP, seven of eight ovulated on Day 33. However, none of the rata that received either 1.25 or 2.5 μg of TP ovulated after cardiac puncture at 1900 hr, and only one of seven given the 0.625-μg dose ovulated. Thus, the stress of bleeding greatly enhanced the inhibitory effect of otherwise ineffective doses of TP. The preovulatory luteinizing hormone (LH) surge was delayed and diminished by neonatal TP in a dose-related manner in animals from which blood was drawn from a previously inserted catheter. When blood drawn from similarly TP-treated animals by cardiac puncture, serum levels of LH were further reduced. Progesterone, given at 1100 hr on Day 32, was capable of partially overcoming the inhibitory effects of the combined treatments on both ovulation and serum LH levels at all but the highest dose of TP tested (5.0 μg). We conclude that neonatal exposure to androgen sensitizes rats to ovulation-inhibiting factors, such as bleeding, in a manner which appears to delay as well as inhibit the preovulatory release of LH. Such early exposure to androgen, therefore, may determine the susceptibility of individuals to reproductive failure in adult life.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)