Tuberculosis remains a prevalent disease worldwide, with approximately 9 million cases diagnosed annually. The emergence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis has proven to be a challenging international public health issue. In the United States, however, the incidence of tuberculosis has been decreasing since 1992. There were just over 9,500 reported cases in 2013, and almost 500 of those were in children younger than age 15 years. Foreign-born persons are a high-risk group and account for 65% of new cases annually. Other high-risk groups include ethnic minorities, HIV-infected patients, and people living in low-socioeconomic urban areas.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health