Nephrotoxicity can be grouped by the xenobiotics place of action, by the clinical presentation or by the generic toxic effect. The latter can be dose related, indirect, idiosyncratic or allergic. Nephrotoxicity of lithium, demeclocycline, aminoglycosides, cyclosporine, mercuric ion, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, methoxyflurane, ethylene glycol, D-penicillamine and methicillin is reviewed in light of all these three viewpoints, but emphasis is on toxic mechanisms.
- Ethylene glycol
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical