Neural Control of Muscles in Tremor Patients

Juan A. Gallego*, Jakob L. Dideriksen, Ales Holobar, Eduardo Rocon, Jose L Pons, Dario Farina

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Essential tremor and Parkinson’s disease cause abnormal oscillatory activity in a variety of brain structures that is transmitted to spinal motoneurons and generates tremor. Because the motoneuron pool integrates synaptic inputs from descending and spinal circuits, the decoding of its activity provides a view on all the neural pathways involved in tremor generation. We investigated tremor mechanisms by analyzing the behavior of populations of motoneurons within a single muscle, across antagonist muscle pairs, and in relation to cortical activity. We observed that tremor is caused by a common cortical input projected to all motoneurons. We also found that spinal reflex pathways contribute fundamentally to shaping tremor properties. We posit that although ET and PD tremor are centrally generated, tremor properties are strongly determined by the interaction between descending and afferent inputs to the motoneuron pool.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBiosystems and Biorobotics
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages129-134
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Publication series

NameBiosystems and Biorobotics
Volume15
ISSN (Print)2195-3562
ISSN (Electronic)2195-3570

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence

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