Neural Interfaces for Control of Upper Limb Prostheses: The State of the Art and Future Possibilities

Aimee E. Schultz*, Todd A. Kuiken

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

142 Scopus citations


Current treatment of upper limb amputation restores some degree of functional ability, but this ability falls far below the standard set by the natural arm. Although acceptance rates can be high when patients are highly motivated and receive proper training and care, current prostheses often fail to meet the daily needs of amputees and frequently are abandoned. Recent advancements in science and technology have led to promising methods of accessing neural information for communication or control. Researchers have explored invasive and noninvasive methods of connecting with muscles, nerves, or the brain to provide increased functionality for patients experiencing disease or injury, including amputation. These techniques offer hope of more natural and intuitive prosthesis control, and therefore increased quality of life for amputees. In this review, we discuss the current state of the art of neural interfaces, particularly those that may find application within the prosthetics field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-67
Number of pages13
JournalPM and R
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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