Neural machine interfaces for controlling multifunctional powered upper-limb prostheses

Kengo Ohnishi*, Richard F. Weir, Todd A. Kuiken

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations


This article investigates various neural machine interfaces for voluntary control of externally powered upper-limb prostheses. Epidemiology of upper limb amputation, as well as prescription and follow-up studies of externally powered upper-limb prostheses are discussed. The use of electromyographic interfaces and peripheral nerve interfaces for prosthetic control, as well as brain machine interfaces suitable for prosthetic control, are examined in detail along with available clinical results. In addition, studies on interfaces using muscle acoustic and mechanical properties and the problem of interfacing sensory information to the nervous system are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-53
Number of pages11
JournalExpert Review of Medical Devices
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2007


  • Amputation
  • Congenital limb deficiency
  • Electroencephalogram
  • Electromyogram
  • Electroneurogram
  • Multifunctional control
  • Neural interface
  • Prosthesis
  • Upper limb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Biomedical Engineering


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