Neuro-otological manifestations in different stages of HIV infection

Rudolf Hausler*, Dominique Vibert, Igor J. Koralnik, Bernard Hirschel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

A systematic investigation of the incidence and type of peripheral and central auditory and vestibular disorders occuring in different stages of HIV infection was performed: 43 HIV-seropositive patients (14 were symptomatic with manifestation of AIDS or related complex and 29 were clinically asymptomatic) were compared with a matched control group of 33 HIV-seronegative homosexual volunteers. Among the symptomatic patients 8 (57% out of 14 and among the asymptomatic HIV-positive patients, 13 (45% out of 29 had abnormal results in various audiological, vestibular and electrophysiological tests. Only minor anomalies were found in 4 (12% of the 33 seronegative homosexuals. Our results indicate a high incidence of neuro-otological disorders among patients suffering from AIDS. The numerous electrophysiological abnormalities found in asymptomatic HIV-seropositive persons suggest furthermore an early subclinical involvement of the auditory and vestibular systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)515-521
Number of pages7
JournalActa Oto-Laryngologica
Volume111
Issue numberS481
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • BAEP
  • Cochleo-vestibular deficit
  • ENG
  • HIV
  • Neurootological abnormalities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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