Neurobiology of dyslexia

Elizabeth S. Norton*, Sara D. Beach, John D E Gabrieli

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

198 Scopus citations


Dyslexia is one of the most common learning disabilities, yet its brain basis and core causes are not yet fully understood. Neuroimaging methods, including structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging, diffusion tensor imaging, and electrophysiology, have significantly contributed to knowledge about the neurobiology of dyslexia. Recent studies have discovered brain differences before formal instruction that likely encourage or discourage learning to read effectively, distinguished between brain differences that likely reflect the etiology of dyslexia versus brain differences that are the consequences of variation in reading experience, and identified distinct neural networks associated with specific psychological factors that are associated with dyslexia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-78
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent opinion in neurobiology
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


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