Neurochemical characterization of the striatum and the nucleus accumbens in L-type Cav1.3 channels knockout mice

Ferry S P Sagala, Daniel Harnack*, Evgeny Bobrov, Reinhard Sohr, Christoph Gertler, D. James Surmeier, Andreas Kupsch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

L-type Cav1.3 channels control the autonomous pacemaking of the substantia nigra (SN) dopamine (DA) neurons, which maintains the sustained release of DA in the striatum, its target structure. The persistent engagement of L-type channels during pacemaking might lead to increased vulnerability to environmental stressors or degenerative processes, providing a mechanism for the development of Parkinson's disease (PD). Interestingly, L-type channels are not necessary for pacemaking, opening the possible use of calcium channel antagonists as neuroprotective agents for PD without disturbing normal DA function. In this study we aimed to evaluate the consequences of Ca v1.3 channels deletion at the neurochemical level. For this purpose, tissue concentrations of DA and their respective metabolites were measured using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in the striatum and the nucleus accumbens (NAcc) of mice lacking the gene for the Cav1.3 channel subunit (CACNA1D) and compared to those in wild-type mice. Striatal DA level did not differ between the two groups. In contrast, the level of serotonin, glutamate, GABA, and taurine were increased by more than 50% in the striatum of Cav1.3 null mice. Neurotransmitters levels in the NAcc did not differ between the different groups. In conclusion, our results neurochemically corroborate the robustness of the nigrostriatal DA neurons in the absence of Cav1.3 channels, but suggest that complete deletion of this channel affected a variety of other transmitter systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-232
Number of pages4
JournalNeurochemistry International
Volume60
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

Keywords

  • Dopamine
  • Glutamate
  • L-type Ca1.3 channels
  • Nucleus accumbens
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Striatum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology

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