Neurology of Nutritional Deficiencies

Kristin L. Miller*, Gabriela Trifan, Fernando D. Testai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of Review: The goal of this chapter is to educate clinicians on the neurologic manifestations of certain nutritional deficiencies in order to promptly identify and appropriately treat these patients. Recent Findings: Many vitamin and nutritional deficiencies have been described dating back to the early days of neurology and medicine. Some are very rare and thus, there are no randomized controlled studies to assess supplementation or dosage; however, there are reviews of case reports that can assist clinicians in choosing treatments. Summary: While endemic vitamin and nutritional deficiencies may be rarely encountered in many countries, vulnerable populations continue to be at risk for developing neurologic complications. These populations include those with diseases causing malabsorption, the elderly, chronic alcohol users, as well as pregnant mothers with hyperemesis gravidarum to name a few. It is important to recognize syndromes associated with these nutritional deficiencies, as prompt identification and treatment may prevent permanent neurologic damage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101
JournalCurrent neurology and neuroscience reports
Volume19
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

Keywords

  • B vitamin deficiency
  • Malabsorption vitamin deficiency
  • Neurologic symptoms of vitamin deficiencies
  • Nutritional deficiency
  • Vitamin deficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • General Neuroscience

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