Neuromodulation for neurogenic bladder in pediatric spinal dysraphism

Elizabeth B. Yerkes*, William E. Kaplan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter discusses the management of neurogenic bladder with electrical stimulation. This is not a new technique but an old one around since the 1950's which was reintroduced in 1986 by Kaplan and his associates. The authors discuss the outcomes of intravesical bladder stimulation as well as newer techniques of stimulation utilizing peripheral stimulation as well as direct S3 stimulation. The outcomes of these techniques and their virtues and foibles are discussed completing the main thrust of this contribution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPediatric Incontinence
Subtitle of host publicationEvaluation and Clinical Management
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781118814789
ISBN (Print)9781118814796
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015


  • Intravesical electrical stimulation (IVES)
  • Neurogenic bladder
  • Peripheral or Tibial nerve stimulation
  • Sacral nerve neuromodulation (SNS)
  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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