Neuromuscular complications of critical illness

Jules Osias*, Edward Manno

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neuromuscular sequelae are common in the critically ill. Critical illness polyneuropathy and critical illness myopathy are neuromuscular complications of sepsis or iatrogenic complications of treatments required in intensive care. This article discusses the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of these disorders based on a literature review. This review found that glycemic control, early mobilization, and judicious use of steroids and neuromuscular blocking agents are the primary approaches to reduce the incidence and severity of neuromuscular complications in affected patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)785-794
Number of pages10
JournalCritical Care Clinics
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

Keywords

  • Acute quadriplegic myopathy
  • Critical illness myopathy
  • Critical illness polyneuropathy
  • Neuromuscular disorders
  • Sepsis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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