Neuronal differentiation is regulated by leucine-rich acidic nuclear protein (LANP), a member of the inhibitor of histone acetyltransferase complex

Rupinder K. Kular, Marija Cvetanovic, Steve Siferd, Ameet R. Kini, Puneet Opal*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neuronal differentiation is a tightly regulated process characterized by temporal and spatial alterations in gene expression. A number of studies indicate a significant role for histone acetylation in the regulation of genes involved in development. Histone acetylation is regulated by histone deacetylases and histone acetyltransferases. Recent findings suggest that these catalytic activities, in turn, are modulated by yet another set of regulators. Of considerable interest in this context is the possible role of the INHAT (inhibitor of histone acetyltransferase) complex, comprised of a group of acidic proteins that suppress histone acetylation by a novel "histone-masking" mechanism. In this study, we specifically examined the role of the leucine-rich acidic nuclear protein (LANP), a defining member of the INHAT complex whose expression is tightly regulated in neuronal development. We report that depleting LANP in neuronal cell lines promotes neurite outgrowth by inducing changes in gene expression. In addition, we show that LANP directly regulates expression of the neurofilament light chain, an important neuron-specific cytoskeletal gene, by binding to the promoter of this gene and modulating histone acetylation levels. Finally, we corroborated our findings in vivo by demonstrating increased neurite outgrowth in primary neurons obtained from LANP null mice, which is also accompanied by increased histone acetylation at the NF-L promoter. Taken together, these results implicate INHATs as a distinct class of developmental regulators involved in the epigenetic modulation of neuronal differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7783-7792
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume284
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 20 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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