Neurotrophin releasing single and multiple lumen nerve conduits

Yang Yang, Laura De Laporte, Christopher B. Rives, Jae Hyung Jang, Wei Chun Lin, Kenneth R. Shull, Lonnie D. Shea*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tissue engineering strategies for nerve repair employ polymer conduits termed guidance channels and bridges to promote regeneration for peripheral nerve injury and spinal cord injury, respectively. An approach for fabrication of nerve conduits with single and multiple lumens capable of controlled release of neurotrophic factors was developed. These conduits were fabricated from a mixture of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLG) microspheres and porogen (NaCl) that was loaded into a mold and processed by gas foaming. The porosity and mechanical properties of the constructs were regulated by the ratio of porogen to polymer microsphere. The neurotrophin, nerve growth factor (NGF), was incorporated into the conduit by either mixing the protein with microspheres or encapsulating the protein within microspheres prior to gas foaming. A sustained release was observed for at least 42 days, with the release rate controlled by method of incorporation and polymer molecular weight. Released NGF retained its bioactivity, as demonstrated by its ability to stimulate neurite outgrowth from primary dorsal root ganglion (DRG). In vivo results indicate that conduits retain their original architecture, and allow for cellular infiltration into the channels. Polymer conduits with controllable lumen diameters and protein release may enhance nerve regeneration by guiding and stimulating neurite outgrowth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-446
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Controlled Release
Volume104
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2 2005

Keywords

  • Drug delivery
  • Guidance channel
  • NGF
  • Nerve regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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