We address the issue of lepton flavor violation and neutrino masses in the "fat-brane" paradigm, where flavor changing processes are suppressed by localizing different fermion field wave functions at different positions (in the extra dimensions) in a thick brane. We study the consequences of suppressing lepton number violating charged lepton decays within this scenario for lepton masses and mixing angles. In particular, we find that charged lepton mass matrices are constrained to be quasidiagonal. We further consider whether the same paradigm can be used to naturally explain small Dirac neutrino masses by considering the existence of three right-handed neutrinos in the brane, and discuss the requirements to obtain phenomenologically viable neutrino masses and mixing angles. Finally, we examine models where neutrinos obtain a small Majorana mass by breaking lepton number in a far away brane and show that, if the fat-brane paradigm is the solution to the absence of lepton number violating charged lepton decays, such models predict, in the absence of flavor symmetries, that charged lepton flavor violation will be observed in the next round of rare muon or tau decay experiments.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)