The development of techniques for real-time in situ imaging of surfaces and for spatially resolved spectroscopic imaging of surfaces is reviewed. The capabilities of field-ion microscopy, in situ transmission electron microscopy, low-energy electron microscopy, point projection microscopy, in situ scanning electron microscopy, near-field scanning optical microscopy, photoemission electron microscopy, plane-view transmission electron microscopy, reflection electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis, scanning microcathodoluminescence, and scanning tunneling microscopy are summarized and contrasted.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||29|
|Journal||Critical Reviews in Surface Chemistry|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry