New Approaches to Targeted Therapy in Melanoma

Manuel Felipe Fernandez, Jacob Choi, Jeffrey Sosman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


It was just slightly more than a decade ago when metastatic melanoma carried a dismal prognosis with few, if any, effective therapies. Since then, the evolution of cancer immunotherapy has led to new and effective treatment approaches for melanoma. However, despite these advances, a sizable portion of patients with advanced melanoma have de novo or acquired resistance to immune checkpoint inhibitors. At the same time, therapies (BRAF plus MEK inhibitors) targeting the BRAFV600 mutations found in 40–50% of cutaneous melanomas have also been critical for optimizing management and improving patient outcomes. Even though immunotherapy has been established as the initial therapy in most patients with cutaneous melanoma, subsequent effective therapy is limited to BRAFV600 melanoma. For all other melanoma patients, driver mutations have not been effectively targeted. Numerous efforts are underway to target melanomas with NRAS mutations, NF-1 LOF mutations, and other genetic alterations leading to activation of the MAP kinase pathway. In this era of personalized medicine, we will review the current genetic landscape, molecular classifications, emerging drug targets, and the potential for combination therapies for non-BRAFV600 melanoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3224
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 2023


  • BRAF
  • MAPK pathway
  • RAS
  • melanoma
  • targeted therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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