New KCNQ1 mutations leading to haploinsufficiency in a general population: Defective trafficking of a KvLQT1 mutant

Laetitia Gouas, Chloe Bellocq, Myriam Berthet, Franck Potet, Sophie Demolombe, Anne Forhan, Rachel Lescasse, Françoise Simon, Beverley Balkau, Isabelle Denjoy, Bernard Hainque, Isabelle Baró, Pascale Guicheney*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: KCNQ1 mutations lead to the long QT syndrome (LQTS), characterized by a prolonged QT interval, syncopes and sudden death. However, some mutations are associated with non-penetrant phenotype (no symptoms, QTc normal or borderline). The objective of this study was to determine whether KCNQ1 variants are associated with borderline QTc prolongation in a general population and to evaluate the frequency of carriers. Methods: We selected 2008 unrelated and untreated healthy individuals from a non-patient population. The KCNQ1 gene was screened by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (dHPLC) in 50 men and 50 women presenting the longest QTc intervals (403 to 443 ms). Results: We identified a nonsense mutation, Y148X, and an in-frame deletion of the serine residue 276 (ΔS276), in S2 and S5 transmembrane domains, respectively. ΔS276 KvLQT1 channels expressed in COS-7 cells failed to conduct any K+ current in the homozygous state. Besides, a slight reduction in channel activity was observed when coexpressed with WT KvLQT1 and IsK. Confocal microscopy performed on transfected COS-7 cells revealed that ΔS276 KvLQT1 was retained in the endoplasmic reticulum, whereas WT KvLQT1 was localized in the cell membrane. The two mutation carriers presented borderline QTc interval prolongation at slow heart rate but a 24-h ECG recording revealed a marked QTc prolongation at higher heart rate for the Y148X carrier. Conclusions: In this population, two subjects with borderline QTc prolongations (438 and 443 ms) were carriers of KCNQ1 mutations leading to haploinsufficiency and are potentially at risk of developing drug-induced arrhythmia. The study provides the first demonstration of a defective cell surface localization of a KvLQT1 mutant missing one amino acid in a transmembrane domain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-68
Number of pages9
JournalCardiovascular research
Volume63
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2004

Keywords

  • D.E.S.I.R.
  • DNA
  • Data from an Epidemiological Study on the Insulin Resistance Syndrome
  • ECG
  • Ion channels
  • JLNS
  • K-channel
  • Long QT syndrome
  • dHPLC
  • denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography
  • deoxyribonucleic acid
  • electrocardiogram

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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