New layered materials: Syntheses, structures, and optical properties of k2ticu2s4, rb2ticu2s4, rb2tiag2s4, and cs2ticu2se4

F. Q. Huang, James A Ibers*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

The new compounds K2TiCu2S4, Rb2TiCu2S4, Rb2TiAg2S4, Cs2TiAg2S4, and Cs2TiCu2Se4 have been synthesized by the reactions of A2Q3 (A = K, Rb, Cs; Q = S, Se) with Ti, M (M = Cu or Ag), and Q at 823 K. The compounds Rb2TiCu2S4, Cs2TiAg2S4, and Cs2TiCu2Se4 are isostructural. They crystallize with two formula units in space group P42/mcm of the tetragonal system in cells of dimensions a = 5.6046(4) Å, c = 13.154(1) Å for Rb2TiCu2S4, a =6.024(1) Å, c = 13.566(4) Å for Cs2TiAg2S4, and a =5.852(2) Å, c =14.234(5) Å for Cs2TiCu2Se4 at 153 K. Their structure is closely related to that of Cs2ZrAg2Te4 and comprises 2[TiM2Q42-] layers, which are separated by alkali metal atoms. The 2[TiM2Q42-] layer is anti-fluorite-like with both Ti and M atoms tetrahedrally coordinated to Q atoms. Tetrahedral coordination of Ti4+ is rare in the solid state. On the basis of unit cell and space group determinations, the compounds K2TiCu2S4 and Rb2TiAg2S4 are isostructural with the above compounds. The band gaps of K2TiCu2S4, Rb2TiCu2S4, Rb2TiAg2S4, and Cs2TiAg2S4 are 2.04, 2.19, 2.33, and 2.44 eV, respectively, as derived from optical measurements. From band-structure calculations, the optical absorption for an A2TiM2Q4 compound is.assigned to a transition from an M d and Q p valence band (HOMO) to a Ti 3d conduction band.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2602-2607
Number of pages6
JournalInorganic chemistry
Volume40
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - May 21 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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