New method for testing composites at very high strain rates - A method was developed for testing and characterizing unidirectional and angle-ply composite laminates at strain rates in the 100 to 500 s-1 regime

I. M. Daniel*, R. H. LaBedz, T. Liber

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

A method was developed for testing and characterizing composite materials at strain rates in the 100 to 500 s-1 regime. The method utilizes a thin ring specimen, 10.16 cm (4 in.) in diameter, 2.54 cm (1 in.) wide and 6-8 plies thick. This specimen is loaded by an internal pressure pulse applied explosively through a liquid. Pressure is measured by means of a calibrated steel ring instrumented with strain gages. Strains in the composite specimen are measured with strain gages. Strains in the calibration and specimen rings are recorded with a digital processing oscilloscope. The equation of motion is solved numerically and the data processed by the mini-computer attached to the oscilloscope. Results are obtained, and plotted by an X-Y plotter in the form of a dynamic stress-strain curve. Unidirectional 0-deg, 90-deg and 10-deg off-axis graphite/epoxy rings were tested at strain rates up to 690 s-1. Times to failure ranged between 30 and 60 μs. The 0-deg properties which are governed by the fibers do not vary much from the static ones with only small increases in modulus. The 90-deg properties show much higher than static modulus and strength. The dynamic in-plane shear properties, obtained from the 10-deg off-axis specimens, are noticeably higher than static ones. In all cases the dynamic ultimate strains do not vary much from the static values.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-77
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Mechanics
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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