New method of analysis for slender columns

Zdenek P. Bazant*, Luigi Cedolin, Mazen R. Tabbara

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


This paper presents a simple new method to calculated column-interaction diagrams, which takes into account slenderness effects. The method consists of a simple incremental-loading algorithm that traces the load-deflection curve at constant eccentricity of the axial load. The column failure is defined for design purposes as the peak of the diagram of axial load versus midlength bending moment at constant load eccentricity. The tangent modulus load is found to be approximately equal to the peak load of column with load eccentricity 0.01 of the cross-sectional thickness and represents a lower bound for the maximum loads at still smaller eccentricities. Strain irreversibility at unloading can be taken into account but its effect is very small. The method is compared with the ACI moment magnification method and with the CEB model column method based on moment-curvature relations. The agreement with the CEB method is very close, but with respect to the ACI method there are large discrepancies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-401
Number of pages11
JournalACI Structural Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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