New primate hind limb elements from the middle Eocene of China

Daniel L. Gebo*, Marian M Dagosto, K. Christopher Beard, Xijun Ni

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


The continued washing, sorting, and identification of middle Eocene (∼45 Mya) primates from the Shanghuang fissure-fillings (Jiangsu Province, China) have produced additional hind limb elements. All are isolated elements. The strepsirhine hind limb elements include a first metatarsal and a talus, which are appropriate in size and morphology to pertain to Adapoides troglodytes. Adapoides is interpreted as a quadrupedal-climbing (nonleaping) primate with similarities to living lorises and the fossil primate Adapis. The haplorhine hind limb elements are estimated to span a range of adult body sizes from tiny (17 g) to small (200 g). Included among the new sample of haplorhine hind limb specimens is the smallest primate talus reported thus far. These new postcranial specimens expand our understanding of early haplorhine hind limb anatomy and demonstrate additional similarities between Shanghuang eosimiids and other anthropoids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)999-1014
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Human Evolution
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008


  • Adapoides
  • Haplorhini
  • Primate postcranial elements
  • Shanghuang

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Anthropology

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