New York State Data Center Market Characterization: Final Report

Robert Huang, Allison Bard, Megan Fisher, Eric R Masanet, Mark Bramfitt

Research output: Book/ReportBook


New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) collaborated with the Cadmus Team to examine the data center market in New York State. The Cadmus Team conducted two surveys, the first was targeted at data center managers of commercial customers and the second was an in- depth survey of data center managers who are involved in New York State data center management. From the first survey the Cadmus Team estimated that there are approximately 200,000 data center spaces in New York State, the majority of which are server closets. The in-depth survey explored 32 different Energy Efficient Technologies and Best Practices (EETBPs) in IT, power infrastructure, air flow management, HVAC, and humidification. The in-depth survey sought to determine if data center managers had implemented or planned to implement EETBPs and to assess the manager’s level of interest in EETBPs. It was found that IT EETBPs were most often implemented and data center managers and industry players also showed the most interest in IT EETBPs. Finally, the in-depth survey showed higher available savings if implementation barriers could be overcome.

The Cadmus Team, through a model, estimated that New York State is responsible for 8.3 percent of data center energy use in the United States with enterprise data centers and server closets and rooms dominating the energy use. The Business as Usual (BAU) Model showed that data center energy use
will continue to increase if efficiency improvements are not implemented from approximately 7.6 million MWh in 2014 to 11.2 million MWh in 2020. The Cadmus Team also found that following a Best Practice Operation (BPO) scenario would result in a 44 percent reduction in energy use compared to a BAU scenario, a Best Practice Technology (BPT) scenario would result in a 68 percent energy reduction,
and a Cutting-edge Technology (CET) scenario would result in a 71 percent energy reduction. The team concluded that the majority of the potential energy savings are economically viable because most of the EETBPs have a two-year or less payback period.

A review of the market trends showed that aside from the colocation sector, where the majority of data center managers and industry players house their IT equipment, New York State is not the most desirable location for the energy intensive data center. Nevertheless, New York State maintains a robust existing base of data center facilities, and market interventions may drive higher uptake of EETBPs.

Report Number 15-06.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages370
StatePublished - 2015


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