News Media Credibility Ratings and Perceptions of Online Fake News Exposure in Five Countries

Justin D. Martin*, Fouad Hassan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study examined media credibility ratings as predictors of perceptions of online fake political news exposure (FNE) among internet users in five Arab countries: Lebanon, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, and UAE (N = 4,616). Regression models of media credibility and media use variables explained sizeable amounts of variance in FNE in three countries (14% to 26%). The hypothesis that respondents’ credibility ratings of news media would negatively predict FNE, however, was only partially supported—a relationship observed in two of the five countries. The strongest positive correlate of FNE was the belief that fake news online should be blocked. Implications for research on public perceptions of fake news and for research on media credibility are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2215-2233
Number of pages19
JournalJournalism Studies
Volume21
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Arab countries
  • Fake news
  • Middle East
  • intrinsic need for orientation
  • media credibility
  • online news

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication

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