Background: Spitzoid melanocytic neoplasms can be challenging to diagnose on histopathology alone. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) offers promise as a valuable aid in the diagnosis. Recently, one study reported increased inter-rater agreement in the diagnosis of spitzoid melanocytic neoplasms among 20 expert melanoma pathologists after incorporating NGS data. We hypothesized that NGS would carry a similar utility in a broader group of dermatopathologists and general pathologists. Methods: Sixty-three participants of a live online (www.Dermpedia.org) CME course rendered a diagnosis on 70 cases composed of melanocytic neoplasms with spitzoid features. In Survey 1, cases included H&E slides and demographic information only, while Survey 2 included NGS data. Results: With NGS information, inter-rater agreement significantly improved from “fair” to “almost perfect” and from “fair” to “substantial” for categorizing lesions as Spitz versus non-Spitz and conventional melanoma versus not, respectively. There was also an increase in diagnostic accuracy, evidenced by improved recognition of three metastatic tumors as being conventional melanomas. Conclusion: The study supports the adoption of NGS as a valuable diagnostic adjunct for both expert and broader dermatopathologists in their assessments of spitzoid neoplasms.
- next-generation sequencing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine