NIH Toolbox® Emotion Batteries for Children: Factor-Based Composites and Norms

Emily W. Paolillo, Benjamin S. McKenna, Cindy J. Nowinski, Michael L. Thomas, Vanessa L. Malcarne, Robert K. Heaton*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


The recently released National Institutes of Health Toolbox (NIHTB) batteries for neurological and behavioral function were designed to serve as standardized, common measures in clinical and epidemiological research. The current study aimed to examine constructs assessed by the self-report and parental proxy-report scales in the NIHTB Emotion Battery (NIHTB-EB) for Children by using factor analyses on data from the U.S. national normative sample of 2,916 English-speaking children. This battery contains 31 scales designed to assess both positive and negative aspects of social and emotional functioning that are considered developmentally relevant at each of three age ranges (3-7, 8-12, and 13-17 years). Results revealed four similar self-report factors for ages 8 to 12 years and 13 to 17 years. Proxy reports for ages 3 to 7 years revealed three factors, and for ages 8 to 12 years two factors. Based on the standardization sample data, age- and gender-corrected norms are presented for all NIHTB-EB individual scales and factor-based composites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)607-620
Number of pages14
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020


  • Emotion Battery for Children
  • NIH Toolbox
  • composite scores
  • development
  • factor analysis
  • normative data

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology


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