Nitric oxide suppresses tumor cell migration through N-Myc downstream-regulated gene-1 (NDRG1) expression: Role of chelatable iron

Jason R. Hickok, Sumit Sahni, Yuliya Mikhed, Marcelo G. Bonini, Douglas D. Thomas*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

N-Myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (NDRG1) is a ubiquitous cellular protein that is up-regulated under a multitude of stress and growth-regulatory conditions. Although the exact cellular functions of this protein have not been elucidated, mutations in this gene or aberrant expression of this protein have been linked to both tumor suppressive and oncogenic phenotypes. Previous reports have demonstrated that NDRG1 is strongly up-regulated by chemical iron chelators and hypoxia, yet its regulation by the free radical nitric oxide ( NO) has never been demonstrated. Herein, we examine the chemical biology that confers NDRG1 responsiveness at the mRNA and protein levels to NO. We demonstrate that the interaction of NO with the chelatable iron pool (CIP) and the appearance of dinitrosyliron complexes (DNIC) are key determinants. Using HCC 1806 triple negative breast cancer cells, we find that NDRG1 is upregulated by physiological NO concentrations in a dose- and time-dependant manner. Tumor cell migration was suppressed by NDRG1 expression and we excluded the involvement of HIF-1α, sGC, N-Myc, and c-Myc as upstream regulatory targets of NO. Augmenting the chelatable iron pool abolished NO-mediated NDRG1 expression and the associated phenotypic effects. These data, in summary, reveal a link between NO, chelatable iron, and regulation of NDRG1 expression and signaling in tumor cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41413-41424
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume286
Issue number48
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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