Nitroacetylacetone as a Cofuel for the Combustion Synthesis of High-Performance Indium-Gallium-Zinc Oxide Transistors

Yao Chen, Binghao Wang, Wei Huang, Xinan Zhang, Gang Wang, Matthew J. Leonardi, Yan Huang, Zhiyun Lu, Tobin J. Marks*, Antonio Facchetti

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Thin-film combustion synthesis has been utilized for the fabrication of solution processed high-performance metal-oxide thin-film transistors (MOTFTs) at lower temperatures than conventional sol-gel processes. The fuel-oxidizer ensemble in the MO precursor solution/film plays an important role in achieving high-efficiency and low-residual combustion byproducts. However, unlike conventional bulk combustion, only a very limited number of thin-film fuels have been investigated. Here we report the use of an efficient new cofuel, 3-nitroacetylacetone (NAcAcH), incorporating a -NO2 group, for the combustion synthesis of display-relevant indium-gallium-zinc-oxide (IGZO) thin films. Compared to the traditional acetylacetone (AcAcH) fuel, a higher enthalpy of combustion (988.6 vs 784.4 J/g) and a lower ignition temperature (107.8 vs 166.5 °C) are achieved for NAcAcH-based formulations. The resulting NAcAcH-derived IGZO TFTs exhibit far higher average electron mobilities (5.7 cm2 V-1 s-1) than AcAcH-derived TFTs (2.7 cm2 V-1 s-1). More importantly, when combining AcAcH with NAcAcH as cofuels in an optimal molar ratio of 1.5:0.5, an even larger TFT electron mobility (7.5 cm2 V-1 s-1) and more stable devices are achieved. Comprehensive IGZO precursor/film analysis and characterization by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD), and X-ray reflectivity (XRR) explain the basis of the film microstructure and TFT performance trends.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3323-3329
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 22 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Nitroacetylacetone as a Cofuel for the Combustion Synthesis of High-Performance Indium-Gallium-Zinc Oxide Transistors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this