Non- d0 Mn-driven ferroelectricity in antiferromagnetic BaMnO3

James M. Rondinelli, Aaron S. Eidelson, Nicola A. Spaldin

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164 Scopus citations


Using first-principles density-functional theory we predict a ferroelectric ground state-driven by the off-centering of the magnetic Mn4+ ion-in perovskite-structure BaMnO3. Our finding is surprising since the competition between energy-lowering covalent bond formation and energy-raising Coulombic repulsions usually only favors off-centering on the perovskite B site for nonmagnetic d0 ions. We explain this tendency for ferroelectric off-centering by analyzing the changes in electronic structure between the centrosymmetric and polar states and by calculating the Born effective charges; we find anomalously large values for Mn and O consistent with our calculated polarization of 12.8 μC/ cm2. Finally, we suggest possible routes by which the perovskite phase may be stabilized over the usual hexagonal phase to enable a practical realization of a single-phase multiferroic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number205119
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number20
StatePublished - May 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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