Non-suicidal self-injury in adolescence

A longitudinal study of the relationship between NSSI, psychological distress and perceived parenting

Imke Baetens*, Laurence Claes, Patrick Onghena, Hans Grietens, Karla Van Leeuwen, Ciska Pieters, Jan R. Wiersema, James W Griffith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The present study investigates whether either adolescents' psychological distress and/or perceived parenting predicted the occurrence of NSSI. Furthermore, the consequences of NSSI are examined in a three-wave longitudinal study. Design: The sample at time 1 (age 12) consisted of 1396 adolescent reports and 1438 parent reports. At time 2 (age 13), 827 adolescent reports and 936 parent reports were obtained. Time 3 (age 14) included 754 adolescent reports and 790 parent reports. Psychological distress of adolescents was measured using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Perceived parenting behaviors were examined by the Parental Behavior Scale and the Psychological Control Scale. Results: A total of 10% of the adolescents engaged in NSSI at least once before age 15. Higher psychological distress of adolescents at time 1 was associated with the presence of NSSI at time 2 or 3. The association between psychological distress at time 1 and perception of decreased parental rule setting at time 3 was mediated by the presence of NSSI at time 2. Conclusions: The present study showed that psychological distress at age 12 predicts NSSI over time and that parental awareness of NSSI changes the perception of parenting behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)817-826
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Volume37
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Parenting
Longitudinal Studies
Psychology
Wounds and Injuries
Time Perception

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Longitudinal
  • Non-suicidal self-injury
  • Parenting
  • Psychological distress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Baetens, Imke ; Claes, Laurence ; Onghena, Patrick ; Grietens, Hans ; Van Leeuwen, Karla ; Pieters, Ciska ; Wiersema, Jan R. ; Griffith, James W. / Non-suicidal self-injury in adolescence : A longitudinal study of the relationship between NSSI, psychological distress and perceived parenting. In: Journal of Adolescence. 2014 ; Vol. 37, No. 6. pp. 817-826.
@article{ef09a2a853ab43f8bf67466c3307a38d,
title = "Non-suicidal self-injury in adolescence: A longitudinal study of the relationship between NSSI, psychological distress and perceived parenting",
abstract = "Objective: The present study investigates whether either adolescents' psychological distress and/or perceived parenting predicted the occurrence of NSSI. Furthermore, the consequences of NSSI are examined in a three-wave longitudinal study. Design: The sample at time 1 (age 12) consisted of 1396 adolescent reports and 1438 parent reports. At time 2 (age 13), 827 adolescent reports and 936 parent reports were obtained. Time 3 (age 14) included 754 adolescent reports and 790 parent reports. Psychological distress of adolescents was measured using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Perceived parenting behaviors were examined by the Parental Behavior Scale and the Psychological Control Scale. Results: A total of 10{\%} of the adolescents engaged in NSSI at least once before age 15. Higher psychological distress of adolescents at time 1 was associated with the presence of NSSI at time 2 or 3. The association between psychological distress at time 1 and perception of decreased parental rule setting at time 3 was mediated by the presence of NSSI at time 2. Conclusions: The present study showed that psychological distress at age 12 predicts NSSI over time and that parental awareness of NSSI changes the perception of parenting behaviors.",
keywords = "Adolescence, Longitudinal, Non-suicidal self-injury, Parenting, Psychological distress",
author = "Imke Baetens and Laurence Claes and Patrick Onghena and Hans Grietens and {Van Leeuwen}, Karla and Ciska Pieters and Wiersema, {Jan R.} and Griffith, {James W}",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.adolescence.2014.05.010",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "37",
pages = "817--826",
journal = "Journal of Adolescence",
issn = "0140-1971",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "6",

}

Non-suicidal self-injury in adolescence : A longitudinal study of the relationship between NSSI, psychological distress and perceived parenting. / Baetens, Imke; Claes, Laurence; Onghena, Patrick; Grietens, Hans; Van Leeuwen, Karla; Pieters, Ciska; Wiersema, Jan R.; Griffith, James W.

In: Journal of Adolescence, Vol. 37, No. 6, 01.01.2014, p. 817-826.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Non-suicidal self-injury in adolescence

T2 - A longitudinal study of the relationship between NSSI, psychological distress and perceived parenting

AU - Baetens, Imke

AU - Claes, Laurence

AU - Onghena, Patrick

AU - Grietens, Hans

AU - Van Leeuwen, Karla

AU - Pieters, Ciska

AU - Wiersema, Jan R.

AU - Griffith, James W

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Objective: The present study investigates whether either adolescents' psychological distress and/or perceived parenting predicted the occurrence of NSSI. Furthermore, the consequences of NSSI are examined in a three-wave longitudinal study. Design: The sample at time 1 (age 12) consisted of 1396 adolescent reports and 1438 parent reports. At time 2 (age 13), 827 adolescent reports and 936 parent reports were obtained. Time 3 (age 14) included 754 adolescent reports and 790 parent reports. Psychological distress of adolescents was measured using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Perceived parenting behaviors were examined by the Parental Behavior Scale and the Psychological Control Scale. Results: A total of 10% of the adolescents engaged in NSSI at least once before age 15. Higher psychological distress of adolescents at time 1 was associated with the presence of NSSI at time 2 or 3. The association between psychological distress at time 1 and perception of decreased parental rule setting at time 3 was mediated by the presence of NSSI at time 2. Conclusions: The present study showed that psychological distress at age 12 predicts NSSI over time and that parental awareness of NSSI changes the perception of parenting behaviors.

AB - Objective: The present study investigates whether either adolescents' psychological distress and/or perceived parenting predicted the occurrence of NSSI. Furthermore, the consequences of NSSI are examined in a three-wave longitudinal study. Design: The sample at time 1 (age 12) consisted of 1396 adolescent reports and 1438 parent reports. At time 2 (age 13), 827 adolescent reports and 936 parent reports were obtained. Time 3 (age 14) included 754 adolescent reports and 790 parent reports. Psychological distress of adolescents was measured using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Perceived parenting behaviors were examined by the Parental Behavior Scale and the Psychological Control Scale. Results: A total of 10% of the adolescents engaged in NSSI at least once before age 15. Higher psychological distress of adolescents at time 1 was associated with the presence of NSSI at time 2 or 3. The association between psychological distress at time 1 and perception of decreased parental rule setting at time 3 was mediated by the presence of NSSI at time 2. Conclusions: The present study showed that psychological distress at age 12 predicts NSSI over time and that parental awareness of NSSI changes the perception of parenting behaviors.

KW - Adolescence

KW - Longitudinal

KW - Non-suicidal self-injury

KW - Parenting

KW - Psychological distress

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84902481229&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84902481229&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.adolescence.2014.05.010

DO - 10.1016/j.adolescence.2014.05.010

M3 - Article

VL - 37

SP - 817

EP - 826

JO - Journal of Adolescence

JF - Journal of Adolescence

SN - 0140-1971

IS - 6

ER -