Nondietary cardiovascular health metrics with patient experience and loss of productivity among us adults without cardiovascular disease: The medical expenditure panel survey 2006 to 2015

Martin Tibuakuu, Victor Okunrintemi, Nazir Savji, Neil J. Stone, Salim S. Virani, Ron Blankstein, Ritu Thamman, Roger S. Blumenthal, Erin D. Michos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association 2020 Impact Goals aimed to promote population health through emphasis on cardiovascular health (CVH). We examined the association between nondietary CVH metrics and patient-reported outcomes among a nationally representative sample of US adults without cardiovascular disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included adults aged ≥18 years who participated in the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey between 2006 and 2015. CVH metrics were scored 1 point for each of the following: not smoking, being physically active, normal body mass index, no hypertension, no diabetes mellitus, and no dyslipidemia, or 0 points if otherwise. Diet was not assessed in Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. Patient-reported outcomes were obtained by telephone survey and included questions pertaining to patient experience and health-related quality of life. Regression models were used to compare patient-reported outcomes based on CVH, adjusting for sociodemographic factors and comorbidities. There were 177 421 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey participants (mean age, 45 [17] years) representing ~187 million US adults without cardiovascular disease. About 12% (~21 million US adults) had poor CVH. Compared with individuals with optimal CVH, those with poor CVH had higher odds of reporting poor patient-provider communication (odds ratio, 1.14; 95% CI, 1.05–1.24), poor healthcare satisfaction (odds ratio, 1.15; 95% CI, 1.08–1.22), poor perception of health (odds ratio, 5.89; 95% CI, 5.35–6.49), at least 2 disability days off work (odds ratio, 1.39; 95% CI, 1.30–1.48), and lower health-related quality of life scores. CONCLUSIONS: Among US adults without cardiovascular disease, meeting a lower number of ideal CVH metrics is associated with poor patient-reported healthcare experience, poor perception of health, and lower health-related quality of life. Preventive measures aimed at optimizing ideal CVH metrics may improve patient-reported outcomes among this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere016744
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume9
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 6 2020

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular health
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Healthcare satisfaction
  • Life Simple 7
  • Patient-reported outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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