TY - JOUR

T1 - Noninvasive assessment of the ventricular relaxation time constant (τ) in humans by Doppler echocardiography

AU - Scalia, Gregory M.

AU - Greenberg, Neil L.

AU - McCarthy, Patrick M.

AU - Thomas, James D.

AU - Vandervoort, Pieter M.

PY - 1997/1/1

Y1 - 1997/1/1

N2 - Background: The time constant of ventricular relaxation (τ) is a quantitative measure of diastolic performance requiring intraventricular pressure recording. This study validates in humans an equation relating to τ to left ventricular pressure at peak -dP/dt (P0), pressure at mitral valve opening (P(MV)), and isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT(inv)). The clinically obtainable parameters peak systolic blood pressure (P(s)), mean left atrial pressure (P(LA)), and Doppler-derived IVRT (IVRT(Dopp)) are then substituted into this equation to obtain τ(Dopp) noninvasively. Methods and Results: High-fidelity left atrial and left ventricular pressure recordings with simultaneous Doppler by transesophageal echocardiography were obtained from 11 patients during cardiac surgery. Direct curve fitting to the left ventricular pressure trace by Levenberg-Marquardt regression assuming a zero asymptote generated τ(LM), the 'gold standard' against which τ(calc) {IVRT(inv)/[In(P0) - In(P(MV)]} and τ(Dopp) {IVRT(Dopp)/[In(P(s)) - In(P(LA)]} were compared. For 123 cycles analyzed in 18 hemodynamic states, mean τ(LM) was 53.8±12.9 ms. τ(calc) (51.5±11 ms) correlated closely with this standard (r=.87, SEE=5.5 ms). Noninvasive τ(Dopp) (43.8±11 ms) underestimated τ(LM) but exhibited close linear correlation (n=88, r=.75, SEE=7.5 ms). Substituting P(LA)=10 mm Hg into the equation yielded τ10 (48.7±15 ms), which also closely correlated with the standard (r=.62, SEE=11.6 ms). Conclusions: The previously obtained analytical expression relating IVRT, invasive pressures, and τ is valid in humans. Furthermore, a more clinically obtainable, noninvasive method of obtaining τ also closely predicts this important measure of diastolic function.

AB - Background: The time constant of ventricular relaxation (τ) is a quantitative measure of diastolic performance requiring intraventricular pressure recording. This study validates in humans an equation relating to τ to left ventricular pressure at peak -dP/dt (P0), pressure at mitral valve opening (P(MV)), and isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT(inv)). The clinically obtainable parameters peak systolic blood pressure (P(s)), mean left atrial pressure (P(LA)), and Doppler-derived IVRT (IVRT(Dopp)) are then substituted into this equation to obtain τ(Dopp) noninvasively. Methods and Results: High-fidelity left atrial and left ventricular pressure recordings with simultaneous Doppler by transesophageal echocardiography were obtained from 11 patients during cardiac surgery. Direct curve fitting to the left ventricular pressure trace by Levenberg-Marquardt regression assuming a zero asymptote generated τ(LM), the 'gold standard' against which τ(calc) {IVRT(inv)/[In(P0) - In(P(MV)]} and τ(Dopp) {IVRT(Dopp)/[In(P(s)) - In(P(LA)]} were compared. For 123 cycles analyzed in 18 hemodynamic states, mean τ(LM) was 53.8±12.9 ms. τ(calc) (51.5±11 ms) correlated closely with this standard (r=.87, SEE=5.5 ms). Noninvasive τ(Dopp) (43.8±11 ms) underestimated τ(LM) but exhibited close linear correlation (n=88, r=.75, SEE=7.5 ms). Substituting P(LA)=10 mm Hg into the equation yielded τ10 (48.7±15 ms), which also closely correlated with the standard (r=.62, SEE=11.6 ms). Conclusions: The previously obtained analytical expression relating IVRT, invasive pressures, and τ is valid in humans. Furthermore, a more clinically obtainable, noninvasive method of obtaining τ also closely predicts this important measure of diastolic function.

KW - diastole

KW - echocardiography

KW - ventricles

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U2 - 10.1161/01.CIR.95.1.151

DO - 10.1161/01.CIR.95.1.151

M3 - Article

C2 - 8994430

AN - SCOPUS:0031032388

VL - 95

SP - 151

EP - 155

JO - Circulation

JF - Circulation

SN - 0009-7322

IS - 1

ER -