Noninvasive evaluation of 3D hemodynamics in a complex case of single ventricle physiology

Michael Markl*, Julia Geiger, Bernd Jung, Daniel Hirtler, Raoul Arnold

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


We report the comprehensive evaluation of the complex hemodynamics in a rare case of a pediatric patient after repair of congenital heart disease with multiple abnormalities including hypoplastic left heart, double outlet right ventricle, transposition of great arteries, ventricular septal defect, aortic coarctation, and total cavopulmonary connection. Based on a single measurement, whole-heart flow-sensitive 4D magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was able to demonstrate a number of regional flow alterations such as poststenotic helix formation and asymmetric flow distributions for the double arterial outlet and to the left and right lungs. Our findings illustrate the potential role of flow-sensitive 4D MRI as a noninvasive and radiation-free technique for the frequent postinterventional follow-up in these pediatric patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)933-937
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2012


  • MRI
  • blood flow
  • congenital heart disease
  • flow-sensitive MRI
  • hemodynamics
  • single ventricle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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