Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation

Rani Ganesan, Kim D. Watts, Steven Lestrud*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Patients with respiratory distress and respiratory failure presenting to the emergency department provide a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Developing technologies in noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) have improved the ability to administer significant respiratory support to these patients. Research and protocols for NIPPV are expanding in adult medicine but are only slowly increasing in pediatrics. NIPPV has successfully been used for obstructive sleep apnea, asthma, cystic fibrosis, and neuromuscular disorders in both acute and chronic settings. Early administration of this support may benefit patients presenting to emergency departments by improving oxygenation, ventilation, and muscle fatigue; avoiding short- and long-term complications of invasive mechanical ventilation; and improving patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-144
Number of pages6
JournalClinical pediatric emergency medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2007


  • bimodal positive airway pressure
  • continuous positive airway pressure
  • mechanical ventilation
  • obstructive sleep apnea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Emergency Medicine


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