Nonlinear polarization-mode dispersion in optical fibers with randomly varying birefringence

P. K A Wai, W. L. Kath, C. R. Menyuk, J. W. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Randomly varying birefringence leads to nonlinear polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) in addition to the well-known linear PMD. Here we calculate the variance of the field fluctuations produced by this nonlinear PMD. Knowing the size of these fluctuations is useful for assessing when nonlinear PMD is important and for its proper incorporation in fast numerical algorithms. We also derive the equilibrium probability distributions for the PMD coefficients, and we track the evolution of the polarization state's probability distribution from its initial delta-function distribution to its steady-state uniform distribution on the Poincaré sphere.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2967-2979
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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