The complex connective tissue structure of muscle and tendon suggests that forces from two parts of a muscle may not summate linearly. This study measured the nonlinear summation of force (F(n1)) in whole cat soleus during isometric and ramp movements. In six anesthetized cats, the soleus was attached to a servomechanism to control muscle length and record force. The ventral roots were divided into two bundles, each innervating about half the soleus; thus the two parts could be stimulated alone or together. In all experiments, F(n1) was small (<6% of maximum tetanic tension). Peak F(n1) occurred during changes in muscle force, either as a result of imposed muscle movement or the onset or offset of a stimulus train. The data were fit to a model in which both parts of the muscle were assumed to stretch to a common elasticity. The servomechanism was programmed to compensate for reduced stretch of the common elasticity during partial compared with whole muscle activation. These compensatory movements showed how the model could account for most, but not all, of F(n1).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Physiology|
|State||Published - Dec 20 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)