Nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient murine xenograft model for human uterine leiomyoma

Guiwen Wang, Hiroshi Ishikawa*, Kunizui Sone, Tatsuya Kobayashi, J. Julie Kim, Takeshi Kurita, Makio Shozu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Objective To establish a novel xenograft model using a severely immunocompromised host that is more convenient for uterine leiomyoma research compared with a pre-existing model using nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient (NOD/SCID) IL-2Rγ-null mice. Design Experimental study. Setting University and an attached animal facility. Animal(s) NOD/SCID, SCID, BALB/c nude, and NOD/SCID IL-2Rγ-null mice. Intervention(s) Xenografts consisting of primary cultured leiomyoma and myometrial cells in the subrenal and subcutaneous (SC) spaces in ovariectomized mice, followed by sex steroids (estrogen and P) administration. Main Outcome Measure(s) Viability, volume, histology, and sex steroid receptor expression of xenografts in response to sex steroid administration, to evaluate feasibility of the model; and messenger RNA expression levels of 12 genes representative of leiomyoma in the xenografts, to characterize the model. Result(s) Leiomyoma xenografts increased in volume at the highest frequency (55.1%) in response to sex steroids in NOD/SCID mice. Xenografts reproduced the histology and maintained expression of sex steroids receptors and representative genes of the original tissues. Subrenal xenografts were significantly larger than the SC xenografts, whereas those consisting of myometrial cells never increased. Conclusion(s) The modified NOD/SCID murine subrenal leiomyoma xenograft model reproduced most characteristics of the original leiomyoma tissue. Our model provides a more convenient research tool to investigate the pathogenesis of uterine leiomyoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1485-1492.e3
JournalFertility and Sterility
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2014


  • Leiomyoma
  • animal model
  • xenograft

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Reproductive Medicine


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