Nonsyndromic Craniosynostosis

Robert F. Dempsey, Laura A. Monson, Renata S. Maricevich, Tuan A. Truong, Shola Olarunnipa, Sandi K. Lam, Robert C. Dauser, Larry H. Hollier, Edward P. Buchanan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nonsyndromic craniosynostosis is significantly more common than syndromic craniosynostosis, affecting the sagittal, coronal, metopic, and lambdoid sutures in decreasing order of frequency. Nonsyndromic craniosynostosis is most frequently associated with only 1 fused suture, creating a predictable head shape. Repair of craniosynostosis is recommended to avoid potential neurodevelopmental delay. Early intervention at 3 to 4 months of age allows minimally invasive approaches, but requires postoperative molding helmet therapy and good family compliance. Open techniques are deferred until the child is older to better tolerate the associated surgical stress. Cranial vault remodeling is generally well-tolerated with a low rate of complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-139
Number of pages17
JournalClinics in Plastic Surgery
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cranial suture
  • Cranial vault remodeling
  • Craniosynostosis
  • Nonsyndromic craniosynostosis
  • Pediatric craniofacial surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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