Heart failure is a tremendous burden on society, and on the health care system in particular. Historically, medical treatments have been the only therapies available because patients were felt to be too high risk to undergo conventional cardiac surgical procedures. Cardiac transplantation remains an established therapy for certain patients with end-stage heart failure but it is limited by donor availability and the need for lifelong immunosuppression. Recent advances in myocardial protection, operative techniques, and perioperative care have made it possible for conventional surgery, such as coronary bypass, ventricular reconstruction, and valve repair, to be offered to many patients with advanced heart failure with good short- and long-term results. In 2005, few patients are inoperable.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine|
|State||Published - Dec 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine